About three hours’ drive from Yola, the Adamawa State capital would lead to the
kingdom not perhaps not worth envying by the way of today’s civilization, a world heritage site and listed among the
seven wonders of Nigeria.
Located between Madagali and Gulak, and politically under Madagali local government of Adamawa State, liesSulfur Kingdom.
The landscape is characterized by terraces on the farmlands, dry stone structures and stone paved walkways.The terraced landscape at Sukur with its
hierarchical structure and combination of intensive and extensive farming is remarkable.
In addition, it has certain
exceptional features that are not to be found elsewhere, notably the use of paved tracks and the spiritual content of
the terraces, with their ritual features such as sacred trees.
The revered position of the Hidi as the political and spiritual head of the community is underscored by the
magnificent dry stone architectural work
of his palace, in and around which is a concentration of shrines, some ceramic.
The villages situated on low lying ground below the Hidi Palace have their own
characteristic indigenous architecture.
Among its features are dry stone walls,used as social markers and defensive
enclosures, sunken animal (principally bull) pens, granaries, and threshing
floors. Groups of mud walled thatched roofed houses are integrated by low
stone walls. Of considerable social and economic importance are the wells.
These are below-ground structures surmounted by conical stone structures
and surrounded by an enclosure wall.
Within the compound are pens where domestic animals such as cattle and sheep are fattened, either for
consumption by the family or for use as prestige and status symbols used in gift
and marriage exchanges.
The remains of many disused iron-smelting furnaces can still be found.These shaft-type furnaces, blown with
bellows, were usually sited close to the houses of their owners. Iron production
involved complex socio-economic relationships and there was a considerable ritual associated with it.
Some of the endowments are as follows:Sukur is an exceptional landscape that graphically illustrates a form of land-use
that marks a critical stage in human settlement and its relationship with its
The cultural landscape of Sukur has survived unchanged for many centuries,
and continues to do so at a period when this form of traditional human
settlement is under threat in many parts of the world.
The cultural landscape of Sukur is an eloquent testimony to a strong and continuing spiritual and cultural tradition that has endured for many
The traditional terraced system of agriculture and its associated ritual
systems are still flourishing. However,the traditional buildings are vulnerable
to changes in materials and techniques –particularly the thatched roofs that require frequent maintenance.
The key features of the cultural
landscape have not been significantly modified since they were laid down.
The way in which they have been maintained since that time has been in traditional form using traditional
materials and techniques.
The cultural components are still actively present among the community since they are part of their living culture.
The stone structures in form of houses, farm terraces and walkways still remain the
most distinct feature of Sukur landscape.
The regular observance of festivals and ceremonies are evidence of cultural
These events have become
more attractive due to the involvement of local and state governments. The Sukur Cultural Landscape is a
National Monument as determined by the Joint Instrument of Federal Decree
No. 77 of 1979 (now NCMM ACT, Cap 242 of 2000) and the subsequent legal authority of the Adamawa State Government as in Gazette No. 47 Vol. 7 of 20 November 1997, and the written consent of the Hidi-in-Council.
In 1998, the Madagali Local Government, the Su